GRE阅读考试内容趋势变化情况分析
何必纠结 2019-08-01     14:39 来源: 原创
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  GRE阅读题型并非一成不变,事实上随着GRE考试的发展,阅读部分从文章选材到题型都在不断更新改进。考生要做好阅读就必须了解出题思路趋势等大方向的变化。下面小编就来做具体阐述。

  GRE阅读考试内容整体变化分析

  从ETS官方网站的叙述中,最为核心的整个考试的变化趋势为如下几点:

  Greater emphasis on higher cognitive skills and less dependence on vocabulary

  More text-based materials, such as reading passages

  A broader selection of reading passages

  Emphasis on skills related to graduate work, such as complex reasoning

  Expansion of computer-enabled tasks (e.g., clicking on a sentence in a passage to highlight it)

  Two 30-minute sections rather than one 30-minute section

  逐点分析,不难发现几乎每条都于阅读部分难度和重要性的提高分不开的。

  所为cognitive认知性能力,是所有阅读测试的核心,即主要依赖文章本身而非经验性的一种理解能力。不仅在能力上提出了更高要求,阅读文章本身不论从选择题材的广度,每个Section考察的篇幅数量都大大提升。在计算机新媒介的辅助下,ETS把GRE阅读注册商标般的推理也提高到新的层次进行考察。简而言之,阅读可谓成为了新GRE考试中的重中之重。

  GRE阅读考试内容样题剖析

  笔者对给出的样题中阅读部分做一个综合评述,慢慢揭开新GRE阅读的神秘面纱。在对题目做完剖析之后,总结相关的变化和值得注意的要点。

  Questions 6 through 8 are based on the following reading passage.

  Music critics have consistently defined James P. Johnson as a great early jazz pianist, originator of the 1920's Harlem "stride" style, and an important blues and jazz composer. In addition, however, Johnson was an innovator in classical music, composing symphonic music that incorporated American, and especially African-American, traditions.

  Such a blend of musical elements was not entirely new: by 1924 both Milhaud and Gershwin had composed classical works that incorporated elements of jazz. Johnson, a serious musician more experienced than most classical composers with jazz, blues, spirituals, and popular music, was particularly suited to expand Milhaud's and Gershwin's experiments. In 1927 he completed his first large-scale work, the blues- and jazz-inspired Yamekraw, which included borrowings from spirituals and Johnson's own popular songs. Yamekraw, premiered successfully in Carnegie Hall, was a major achievement for Johnson, becoming his most frequently performed extended work. It demonstrated vividly the possibility of assimilating contemporary popular music into the symphonic tradition.

  本选文难度和风格几乎和现行的GRE阅读没有太大区别。题材又谈到了黑人,尤其是爵士音乐。这种题材在95-00笔考期间也经常出现。把握住文章首段重要词汇however抓住主题。分清文中矛盾对象(创新与传统,不同音乐家间的逻辑联系),文章应该比较容易处理。

  1. The passage states that Johnson composed all of the following EXCEPT.

  A. jazz works

  B. popular songs

  C. symphonic music

  D. spirituals

  E. blues pieces

  此题正确答案为D。文中开始谈到Johnson作为伟大爵士音乐家,因为其创始了新的风格,其中包括了blues and jazz。而在文章末句提到了他吸收了同时代的popular music以及symphonic。注意该题的spirituals文中确实也出现过,但是措辞用的是borrow from,题干问的是compose.

  2. Consider each of the choices separately and select all that apply.

  The author suggests which of the following about most classical composers of the early 1920's?

  A. They were strongly influenced by the musical experiments of Milhaud and Gershwin.

  B. They had little working familiarity with such forms of American music as jazz, blues, and popular songs

  C. They made few attempts to introduce innovations into the classical symphonic tradition

  本题即为新GRE阅读中新酝酿推出的所谓恐怖的“多选题”。其实这种题型即为原来GRE阅读中罗马数字题的变体,只是难度进一步加大。正确答案B。--They had little working familiarity

  本文为符合现行新GRE考试部分文章套路分类中的广义新老观点对比型。文首观点说报纸最后的政治取向将会趋于neutral。而之后Pasley提出的观点否认了这种看法(oversimplified)。具体从早期国家报纸的党派差异论证自己观点。文章首句符合一贯GRE阅读的品味:长度达到35词的复杂难句子,为理解上的一个难点。

本文由 @何必纠结 原创发布于三立精选教育。未经许可,禁止转载。

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